Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (6 March 1508 - 27 January 1556) was the second Mughal Emperor.. Shortly after Humayun had marched on Gujarat, Sher Shah Surisaw an opportunity to wrest control of Agra from the Mughals. Building of the tomb was started in 1565 (nine years after the death of Humayun… His brother Askari Mirza was shackled in chains at the behest of his nobles and aides. The Central Asian origins of the dynasty were largely overshadowed by the influences of Persian art, architecture, language, and literature. This was a serious threat to the entire family, but Humayun and Kamran squabbled over how to proceed. 29, 194-95 in Henry Beveridge trans. Tags: Uncategorized Upon entering the city his army was greeted with an armed escort, and they were treated to lavish food and clothing. The Shah urged that Humayun convert from Sunni to Shia Islam, and Humayun eventually accepted, in order to keep himself and several hundred followers alive. However, mysteriously, it wasn't completed until nearly 15 years after his death. Humayun was the eldest son of Babur. Humayun's tomb (Hindustani: Maqbara-i Humayun) is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. , Shortly after Humayun had marched on Gujarat, Sher Shah Suri saw an opportunity to wrest control of Agra from the Mughals. Humayun once again not only pardoned his brothers for plotting against him, but even forgave Hindal for his outright betrayal. Another brother Khalil Mirza (1509–1530) supported Humayun but was assassinated. With this new-found strength Humayun embarked on a series of military campaigns aimed at extending his reign over areas in the east and west of the subcontinent. Humayun's tomb is known as the first example of the monumental scale that would characterize subsequent Mughal imperial architecture. He was only 22 years old then and had a challenging time heading the newly-established Mughal territory. Hamza son of Humayun, Young musician playing on tabla set refurbished by JAS. In February 1537, however, Bahadur was killed when a botched plan to kidnap the Portuguese viceroy ended in a fire-fight that the Sultan lost. ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides a biography of Humayun (1530-1556 A.D.). HUMAYUN, THE SECOND MUGHAL EMPEROR - Padma Mohan Kumar, freelance writer email: firstname.lastname@example.org Babar had nominated his eldest son Humayun as his successor while he was still on his deathbed. Kamran Mirza absconded and began building an army outside the city. Akbar later asked his aunt, Gulbadan Begum, to write a biography of her brother, the Humayun nameh (or Humayun-nama etc. Humayun was an inexperienced ruler when he came to power, at the age of 22. Humayun Khan was born in the United Arab Emirates to Pakistani parents. Humayun fled to Sind and finally obtained shelter from Shah Tahmasp of Persia in 1544. "[non-primary source needed], Humayun decided it would be wise to withdraw still further. He fathered a number of children including son Akbar who would one day become known as one of the greatest Mughal emperors. The son of Mughal Emperor Babur and the father of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Humayun had a life full of struggles. Born Nasin-ud-din Muhammad in Kabul, Afghanistan, Humayun was the second Mughal emperor of India. , The only major battle faced by Humayun's armies was against Sikander Suri in Sirhind, where Bairam Khan employed a tactic whereby he engaged his enemy in open battle, but then retreated quickly in apparent fear. While in Sindh, Humayun alongside Emir Hussein Umrani, gathered horses and weapons and formed new alliances that helped regain lost territories. With his armies travelling at a leisurely pace, Sher Shah was gradually drawing closer and closer to Agra. Further provoking the rebellion, Hindal ordered that the Khutba, or sermon, in the main mosque be surrounded. ), This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 07:20. He died three days later. Shortly after the birth, Humayun and his party left Amarkot for Sindh, leaving Akbar behind, who was not ready for the grueling journey ahead in his infancy. En route to the Emir's court, Humayun had to break journey because his pregnant wife Hamida was unable to travel further. Emir Hussein Umrani, ruler of Sindh, welcomed Humayun's presence and was loyal to Humayun just as he had been loyal to Babur against the renegade Arghuns. , With all of Humayun's brothers now dead, there was no fear of another usurping his throne during his military campaigns. After the death of Humayun, Akbar ascended the throne. . Akbar was left behind in camp close to Kandahar, as it was December, too cold and dangerous to include the 14-month-old toddler in the march through the mountains of the Hindu Kush. He assisted his father in the governance of the country. Also, his wife Hamida hailed from Sindh; she was the daughter of a prestigious pir family (a pir is an Islamic religious guide) of Persian heritage long settled in Sindh. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early but regained it with the aid of the Safavid dynasty of Persia, with additional territory. After a lengthy journey from Herat the two met in Qazvin where a large feast and parties were held for the event. Humayun is the second Mughal emperor, the dynasty ruling North India from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. ", Humayun ordered the crushing by elephant of an imam he mistakenly believed to be critical of his reign. He was introduced to the work of the Persian miniaturists, and Kamaleddin Behzad had two of his pupils join Humayun in his court. Humayun means “fortune” but he remained the most unfortunate ruler of the Mughal Empire. 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